The fullname of my Sultan is DYMM Almutawakkil Alallah Sultan Mahmud Iskandar Alhaj ibni almarhum Sultan Ismail DK SPMJ SPDK DK(Brunei) SSIJ PIS BSI.
Sultan Mahmood Iskandar was born in Semayun Palace, Johor Bahru on 8 April 1932. His father is almarhum Sultan Sir Ismail (al Khalidi) ibni almarhum Sultan Sir Ibrahim (almasyhur) ibni almarhum Sultan Sir Abu Bakar ibni almarhum Temenggung Tun Ibrahim ibni almarhum Temenggung Daing Abd Rahman (a Bugis ancestry from Sulawesi). His mother is almarhum Sultanah Tunku Aminah binti Tunku Abdul Majid.
He obtained his early education from Sultan Abu Bakar English College, Johor Bahru, Trinity Grammar School, Sydney Australia and South Devon Technical College, Torquay, UK. He was elected by his father as Tunku Mahkota Johor on 8 May 1959 but relinquished from the title on 10 Ogos 1961 and replaced by his younger brother Tunku Abdul Rahman. On 1st Dec 1966 he was granted with the title of Raja Muda Johor. He was reinstated as Tunku Mahkota on 29 April 1981. He was proclaimed and installed as the Sultan of Johore on 11 May 1981.
He was appointed and became the 8th Yang Di Pertuan Agong Malaysia ona 26 April 1984 and installed in Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur on 15 November 1984.
He married (first) on 5 January 1956 to Puan Kalsom binti Abdullah @ Josephine Treverrow (born in England, 2 Dis 1935) and divorced in Oct 1962. With Puan Kalsom he issued with 5 children:
- Tunku Hajjah Kamariah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah binti Sultan Iskandar al-Haj, Tengku Puan Panglima di-Raja (born on 11 July 1956) she married to Tengku Sulaiman Shah al-Haj bin Sultan Salahuddin 'Abdul Aziz Shah al-Haj, Tengku Panglima di-Raja Selangor.
- Tunku Hajjah Zabedah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah binti Sultan Iskandar al-Haj (born: 20 Oct 1957).
- Tunku Ibrahim Ismail, DK, SPMJ, SPDK. Tunku Mahkota Johor. (born on
22 Nov 1958. He married on 22 Sept 1982 with Raja Zarith Sofiah binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris al-Mutawakil Allah Afifullah Shah of Perak (born: 14 August 1959).
- Tunku Hajjah Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah binti Sultan Iskandar al-Haj, Tengku Puan Pahang (1986). (born: 5 August 1960). She married on 6 Mac 1986 to Tengku Abdullah bin Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah al-Mustain Billah, Tengku Mahkota Pahang (born: 30 Jul 1959)
Tunku Azizah, Tengku Puan Pahang
Sultan Iskandar married (second) on 20 August 1961 to Tengku Hajjah Zanariah binti Tengku Ahmad (Sultanah Zanariah) (born in Pasir Mas, Kelantan on
- Tunku Mariam Zaharah (4 Sep 1962) – married to Tengku Ahmad Zainul Abidin bin Tengku Muhammad Zaid (1999) -divorced
- Tunku Norani Fatimah. (17 Jul 1963). Married to Encik Ramlan bin Dato’ Harun Idris (2000).
- Tunku Maimunah Ismailiah (20 Okt 1967). Married to Dato’Mizan bin Dato' Yahya DPMJ (2004).
- Tunku Abdul Majid Idris Ismail Ibrahim DK, SPMJ, SMJ., Tunku Bendahara. (lahir: 20 Jul 1970) Married (13 Jan 2005) to Tunku Teh Mazni binti Tunku Yusuf (born: 2 April 1976 in Kedah).
- Tunku Muna Najihah (lahir: 12 Apr 1973) married to Cdr Dato’ Shaftdean Lufty Rusland DPMJ SMJ psc TLDM.
- Tunku Aminah Kalsom Masera Mariam Zahirah Iskandariah (6 Jun 1979) Univ Islam Antarabangsa, Malaysia (IIUM), Gombak (BA Hons. 2005).
Elected as 8th YDP Agong
Under the elective monarchy system of Malaysia, Sultan Iskandar was elected to be the new Yang Di-Pertuan Agong on 9 February 1984 by the council of rulers, shortly before his predecessor's term expired on 26 April 1984. He succeeded the Sultan of Pahang as the Yang-Di Pertuan Agong on 26 April. A royal investure was held shortly after that–in which he was donned in the traditional suit of the Agong, whereby he was officially installed. Sultan Iskandar served in the capacity as the Yang-Di Pertuan Agong until 1989, whereby the Sultan of Perak succeeded him.
On 8 April 2006, the Sultan appointed his grandson Tunku Ismail Ibrahim–the son of the Tunku Mahkota–as the Raja Muda during an investure in conjunction on his birthday. The rank of Raja Muda denotes that Tunku Ismail is second in position in terms of the order of succession to the Johor royal throne.
Sultan Johor makes a fool of himself The Sultan of Johor, Sultan Iskandar al-Marhum Sultan Ismail had publicly said that former prime minister Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad should start acting like a pensioner and stop criticising the government. "If one has already been pensioned, just behave like a pensioner, what is the use of making more noise?", said the Sultan in his Hari Raya speech.
extracted from: Bumiputera.blogspot.com
The Sultan of Johor is making a fool of himself. He must have forgotten that Tun. Dr. Mahathir had helped him so many times before. The eldest son of Sultan Ismail, Sultan Iskandar was named Tunku Mahmood Iskandar. However, as all other Sultans of Johor with the name "Mahmood" met with an uneasy end, he dropped his first name upon succeeding his father on May 10, 1981.
Sultan Iskandar is a controversial figure in Malaysia. Appointed Tunku Mahkota or Crown Prince in 1959, he was dismissed from that post in 1961 by his father after being found guilty in the Malaysian courts and sentenced to imprisonment. However, Sultan Ismail relented on his deathbed and restored Tunku Mahmood Iskandar to the succession ten days before the former died.
While he was Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King of Malaysia), Sultan Iskandar created further controversy by assaulting and killed a golf caddy. The golf caddy laughed when the Sultan missed a golf stroke, and he was murdered on the spot. The brother of the caddy, a Royal Malaysian soldier, who was badly injured, subsequently ran amok in Kuala Lumpur causing a security scare. The soldier was later arrested and sent to a mental hospital. Tun Dr. Mahathir helped the sultan and nothing happened to the ruler of Johor.
And then, the Johor sultan assaulted a hockey coach and teacher, Douglas Gomez and this sparked a constitutional crisis between the Malaysian government and the Malay Rulers which culminated in the removal of the legal immunity from prosecution of all the rulers in March 1993.
Sultan Iskandar, however, continues to be immune from prosecution for his previous offences as the law which provides for the rulers to be stripped of their legal immunity was not made retroactive (eg. having a backdating effect).
If not because of Tun. Dr. Mahathir, the Sultan is probably spending his lifetime in the jail now instead of being able to speak in the public asking Tun not to make anymore noise. Indeed, "Melayu mudah lupa" (Malays forget easily).
Nevertheless, in 1966, Tunku Iskandar was appointed the Raja Muda which puts him second in line to the throne. In April 1981, Tunku Mahmud was reinstated as Tunku Mahkota shortly before his father's death the following month and was subsequently installed as the Sultan of Johor, under the orders of his father.
However, some eyewitnesses challenged the legitimacy of Tunku Mahmud's reappointment as the Tunku Mahkota, by arguing that they witnessed Sultan Ismail already having lapsed into coma at the time of his appointment as the Regent. Records stated that Sultan Ismail lapsed into comatose on 8 May, three days before his death. Relations with the Menteri Besar of Johor, Tan Sri Datuk Othman bin Mohd Saat deteriorated when the latter questioned Tunku Iskandar's legitimacy to the throne, which led to an incident which saw the Sultan issuing an order to the Menteri Besar to vacate his office within 24 hours, shortly after Sultan Ismail's death, citing reasons for the need for that office space for his own. The Menteri Besar heeded his order, though the Sultan did not move in as he had said. Othman Saat subsequently resigned the following year as the Menteri Besar. The Sultan also ordered all the 'honours and awards' given to Othman by the previous Sultan (including DK(Johor), and all the Datukship to be returned to the government.
Allegations of Criminal Misconduct. In 1972, Tunku Mahmud was charged for causing assault with a mace to two men for overtaking his car and was convicted the following year. A year later, reports also surfaced another similar attack upon a young couple, when Tunku Iskandar, together with his bodyguard, attacked them with chemicals and a mace after having offended him. Another alleged incident took place at about this time when Tunku Mahmud chained up two policemen in a dog kernel for day after having angered him.
Five years later, Tunku Mahmud was charged and convicted of manslaughter after shooting and killing a man near his private helicopter whom he took to be a smuggler. In both cases, his father, Sultan Ismail, intervened and granted official pardons to Tunku Iskandar. Similarly, his eldest son, Tunku Ibrahim Ismail, was convicted in the 1980s of shooting dead a man in a nightclub during a feud, but was quickly pardoned.
In 1987, Sultan Iskandar was accused of causing the death of a golf caddy in Cameron Highlands by assault, following an incident in which the golf caddy laughed when the Sultan missed a hole. Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia's first Prime Minister, pointed out that the Sultan (then the Agong) could not be prosecuted due to the immunity that was accorded to the rulers, yet he condemned Sultan Iskandar's actions at the same time. In the end the matter was let off without much public attention. The brother of the caddy–who also suffered injuries from the incident, being distressed from what he saw, subsequently ran amok in Kuala Lumpur and had to be quarantined in a mental hospital. (FROM WIKIPEDIA)
Days as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia (1980s). Shortly before his election as the Yang-Di Pertuan Agong in 1983, a spate of reports alleging Sultan Iskandar's intention to launch a coup d'état by launching a state of emergency to overthrow the government circulated within political circles, which reached Mahathir himself. The Sultan was reportedly having fostered close relations with several key military personnel, including the Army chief himself. The government subsequently took action to curb constitutional loopholes within the constitution and took to task of reducing the power of royal veto in passing legislation, culminating to a constitutional crisis in late 1983. Nevertheless, during his inaugural speech as the Agong in 1984, about a month after the constitutional amendments were passed in parliament, Sultan Iskandar voiced public support for the revised constitution and pledged to act in accordance to the Prime Minister's advise.
A diplomatic scandal between the United Kingdom and Malaysia broke out in 1984, when several British newspapers published Sultan Iskandar's coronation, citing the headlines such as "Killer becomes King" and "King a Killer", which enraged the Malaysian government, who demanded an apology from the British government. The British government refused to apologise on behalf of the newspapers, hence triggering tensions between the two countries.
Two months later, in June 1984, Sultan Iskandar in his capacity as the Agong, surprised the Malaysian public when he publicly called upon the then-Deputy Prime Minister, Musa Hitam, to make a public apology in front of the entire congregation present at the National Mosque. Sultan Iskandar, on his part, was angry over remarks which Musa made during the course of the 1983 constitutional crisis that he deemed as disrespectful. Musa abided to the Agong's demand and boldly came forward to make the apology, which was greeted by a thunderous applause from the entire congregation. The event, which was broadcasted live throughout on the Malaysian Radio (although the television stations abruptly terminated its broadcast halfway), was seen by many observers as an act of confrontation by the Agong to put Musa in his place.
In 1988, also serving in his capacity as the Yang-Di Pertuan Agong, the Lord President of the Federal Court Tun Salleh Abas was sacked by the Agong in what led to the 1988 Malaysian constitutional crisis. However, observers suggested a remarkably warm relationship between then-Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamad with the Agong, both of whom shared common resentment against the chief justice, Salleh Abas. In 1973, Tunku Iskandar was convicted of assault and was sentenced to six months imprisonment, of which Salleh Abas served as the public prosecutor hearing the case. As the public prosecutor, Salleh had appealed to the chief justice, Raja Azlan Shah (now the Sultan of Perak), for handing down a heavier sentence for Tunku Iskandar, which naturally earned his wrath. The sacking of the Lord President, was however not without controversy, given the alleged manner in which the Agong and Prime Minister had handled the matter–including an incident which the Agong had refused to forgive the Lord President in spite of Salleh's willingness to offer his apology to the Agong, which he turned down.
Singing with Mohamad Rahmat
JOHOR BAHARU, Jan 22 (Bernama) -- The Sultan of Johor, Sultan Iskandar ibni Almarhum Sultan Ismail, 77, died Friday night after ruling the state for almost three decades.
untuk ALMARHUM SULTAN ISKANDAR ALHAJ
Biarpun macam-macam orang kata tentang almarhum Tuanku, sebagai anak Johor, amat berbangga dengan karakter Sultanku. Tuanku sebenarnya amat unik berbanding dengan Sultan-Sultan yang lain. Kelebihan yang paling ketara ialah keberanian, sifat berterus terang dan sifat patriotisme yang ada pada diri baginda.
Baginda sangat aktif dalam sukan atau aktiviti lasak seperti sukan berkuda, wind surfing, menunggang motor besar dan yang paling mengkagumkan ialah, baginda seorang 'qualified pilot'.
Baginda gemar menegur kesalahan rakyatnya tanpa mengira pangkat khususnya pegawai Kerajaan Johor yang suka hidup bermewah-mewah dan lupa tugas mereka untuk membangunkan Negeri Johor.
Baginda juga amat berani memberikan pendapat yang kadangkala amat bertentangan dengan keputusan pemimpin politik negara seperti isu pembinaan Jambatan Bengkok bagi menggantikan Tambak Johor, isu Batu Putih dan berbagai lagi.
SEMOGA ALLAH MELIMPAHI RAHMAT KE ATAS RUH ALMARHUM
Nama almarhum tetap terpahat di sekolah lama ku di mana aku mendapat pendidikan menengah selama 5 tahun...
SEKOLAH TUNKU MAHMOOD ISKANDAR, PARIT SAIDI, SENGGARANG, BATU PAHAT, JOHOR